by: SL Beriwal
I am a graduate from SPA (School of Planning and Architecture), New Delhi. When I applied for the architecture program at SPA, there were only 2,000 applicants, today there are close to 2,00,000. Upon graduating in '85, I chose to work for the privat...
by: Shashi Tharoor
Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, known for his outspoken candor when he was the U.S. ambassador in New Delhi in the mid-1970s, used to enjoy comparing the port cities of Singapore, Rangoon and Calcutta. In the late 1940s they were much alike: bustlin...
by: S.N.Ravichandran
Cycles required a Registered Token (a small piece of Coin Shaped Aluminium) issued by the Coimbatore Municipality and affixed to the cycle. The cost of the token was 15 Naya Paise and it was to be renewed every year. 15 Naya paise could get you a dec...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj


In 1990, there was an offer to buy us out for Rs 2 crore. Infosys has Rs 6.5 lakh crore m-cap now: NR Narayana Murthy on 1991 reforms.

As India marks 30 years of economic liberalisation on July 24, Infosys founder NR Narayana Murthy spoke to Moneycontrol on how the context of 1991 changed the aspirations of Infosys in one go

Crowd Source Stories

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.