by: SL Beriwal
I am a graduate from SPA (School of Planning and Architecture), New Delhi. When I applied for the architecture program at SPA, there were only 2,000 applicants, today there are close to 2,00,000. Upon graduating in '85, I chose to work for the privat...
by: Anil Sharma
One pertinent development which occurred in 1991 was the advent of Star TV. I think it was the first one to come. Today people like me who are serving in a particular force are not very much affected but the kids who are growing up. They have a much...
by: Shashi Tharoor
The patriarch of Kirloskar  family, not without bitterness, compared his situation with that of Japan's Toyota. In 1947 S. L. Kirloskar, despite the obstacles thrown in his way by the British Raj, was already a manufacturer of some consequence, with...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj


In 1990, there was an offer to buy us out for Rs 2 crore. Infosys has Rs 6.5 lakh crore m-cap now: NR Narayana Murthy on 1991 reforms.

As India marks 30 years of economic liberalisation on July 24, Infosys founder NR Narayana Murthy spoke to Moneycontrol on how the context of 1991 changed the aspirations of Infosys in one go

Crowd Source Stories

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.