by: S.N.Ravichandran
Cycles required a Registered Token (a small piece of Coin Shaped Aluminium) issued by the Coimbatore Municipality and affixed to the cycle. The cost of the token was 15 Naya Paise and it was to be renewed every year. 15 Naya paise could get you a dec...
by: Raghav Bahl
Steel production began in the private sector in British-ruled India when Tisco was set up by the Tatas in Jamshedpur in 1907. But independent India aborted that incipient revolution. Unfortunately, the industrial policy resolutions of 1948 and 1956 r...
by: R C Jain
The public was unaware of the corrupt practices before 1991 . There have been many changes since then. Today you’ll find a washing machine and a car in every household. There has been huge employment generation which has benefited the public financia...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Crowd Source Stories

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.