by: S.N.Ravichandran
The incident that I am about to narrate took place in May 1980. Central Excise was a department which had unfettered rights to enter any company and inspect the books, seize material and arrest company officials if they suspected that Excise duty was...
by: S.N.Ravichandran
Cycles required a Registered Token (a small piece of Coin Shaped Aluminium) issued by the Coimbatore Municipality and affixed to the cycle. The cost of the token was 15 Naya Paise and it was to be renewed every year. 15 Naya paise could get you a dec...
by: Gyanendra Bartaria
When we look at the economy of the India before1990, our financial problems were in plain sight and fairly simple to understand. Firstly, there was the problem of rising unemployment and a low rate of growth. Secondly, we had a huge budget deficit, a...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Crowd Source Stories

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.