by: S.N.Ravichandran
Cycles required a Registered Token (a small piece of Coin Shaped Aluminium) issued by the Coimbatore Municipality and affixed to the cycle. The cost of the token was 15 Naya Paise and it was to be renewed every year. 15 Naya paise could get you a dec...
by: Gurcharan Das
In the 1970s, a state fertilizer plant had been set up at Haldia in the state of West Bengal. Besides bungalows for managers and nice flats for workers in a sparkling new township, the plant entailed wide roads, bright lights, a school, a dispensary,...
by: Swaminathan Aiyar
If you buy a car today, you can expect its delivery in a few days. And if you sell it after a few years, you would be lucky to get half the original purchase price. However, the case was not so under the License Permit Raj. There were two major manuf...

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India before 1991: Stories of life under the License Raj

Almost half of India is born after 1991 economic reforms. To make sure that they understand the lessons of history, at the 25th anniversary of the reforms, Centre for Civil Society aims to bring to light human interest stories from across the country highlighting the life under the license raj as well as the crucial role that liberalization played in improving the lives of our people. The reforms were proof of the acceptance of the value of economic freedom, whose importance we need to continue to advocate. This research will provide a greater understanding of the long-term impact of liberal policy reforms as well as the value that open markets have and continue to bring into our lives in contemporary times.

Crowd Source Stories

Short videos, audio messages, photo essays and articles from individuals representing all sections of society through online platforms, in-house research, partnerships with profession- specific associations and groups.